Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are those that are transmitted from one individual to another.

These diseases, also known as contagious diseases, are caused by microorganisms, such as protozoa, fungi, viruses, and bacteria, that invades the body and causes a series of changes that leads to infection and affects the body.

Infectious diseases are one that can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact or through the air. While most infectious diseases last a short amount of time they can be quite serious, and sometimes fatal.

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What we should do


Make sure that our children are up-to-date on all recommended vaccinations infants and children preteens and teens


The immunizations needed by adults are determined by several factors. These include age, lifestyle, how healthy the adult is, and the adult’s immunization history.

People who will be in contact with infants

Adults and adolescents who will be around infants should be vaccinated.

This could include parents, siblings, grandparents, babysitters and other child care providers.

An infant's exposure to the illness can be reduced if he or she only comes into contact with people who are vaccinated.

Disease Prevention

Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic organisms that live in other people, animals, or the environment and are too small to see. If we do not come into contact with them, we can prevent many infections and illnesses. While specific diseases are passed in specific ways, there are basic steps we can take to stay healthy and lower our risk of catching and spreading any infectious disease.

What We Should Do

Vaccinate & Use Medicines Properly

Keep immunizations up to date. Follow recommended immunizations for children, adults and pets.

Use antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Take them for the complete doze prescribed by doctor, but not for colds or other nonbacterial illnesses. Never self-medicate with antibiotics or share them with family or friends.

Visit doctor quickly for any worsening infection or infection that does not get better after we take a prescribed antibiotic.

If we travel internationally, get all recommended immunizations, and use protective medications for travel, especially to areas with malaria.

Keep Clean

Wash our hands often, especially during cold and flu season. Be aware of what we eat, and prepare foods carefully.

Protect Yourself From Disease Carriers

Be cautious around all wild and domestic animals that are not familiar to us.

After any animal bite, clean the skin with soap and water, and seek medical care immediately.

Protect our self from mosquitoes.

Don’t drink untreated water while hiking or camping. If we become ill when we return home, Visit &informour doctor where we have been.

Don't Spread Disease: If we are sick with a cold or flu, stay home and don't spread germs. Do not use intravenous drugs or share syringes.

Hand Washing

Hand washing is one of the simplest and most effective means of preventing the spread of flu and other infectious diseases.

What you should do

Wash hands after: using the toilet, coughing or sneezing into hands, engaging in any activity that may have contaminated hands.

Wash hands before: handling food, eating or drinking, smoking, brushing teeth, engaging in any activity that involves hand-to-mouth contact.

Wash hands frequently throughout the day even if we think they don’t need to be washed.

How you should do it

  • Wet hands with water.
  • Apply a generous amount of soap and lather hands well.
  • Rub hands together for 20 seconds, special attention to the areas between fingers and under nails.
  • Rinse hands thoroughly with warm water.
  • Dry hands with a disposable /Clean towel.
  • Use the disposable towel to turn off the Water Tap and open the door.

List of Infectious Diseases

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis E
  • Typhoid fever
  • Malaria
  • Dengue fever
  • Yellow fever
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • Chikungunya
  • Leptospirosis
  • Meningococcal meningitis
  • Rabies